Guide for Authors

Guide for authors

Type of articles

Original Articles are intended for the presentation of original scientific findings. There is no strict page limit, however, the paper length and content must be appropriate. Extensive tables, figures, etc should be submitted in the Supplementary Information file.

Review Articles can be submitted to present the existing state of knowledge on a particular field or sub-specialty. However, authors interested in writing a review paper for the journal are invited to send an abstract of their proposed review article to Editorial Office. The abstract should justify the need for this review and also outline the content.

General Information

  1. Manuscripts must be written in English. Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar checked'.
  2. All manuscripts should be composed of original text that has not been published before; manuscripts may be subjected to a plagiarism check. Submission of a paper to this journal implies that the manuscript has not been published before, or under consideration for publication at any other journal.
  3. The manuscript must be accompanied by a Cover Letter. The Cover Letter should contain the following items:


  • Full manuscript title
  • Name and complete contact information of the corresponding author
  • Name(s) of any other author(s)
  • Significance and novelty of the work
  • A statement of conflict of interest: the corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. It is the Corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest possible stage and if the manuscript is accepted, conflict of interest information will be communicated in a statement in the published paper.
  • Three potential reviewers including their email addresses. However, the editorial office decides which reviewers will be invited.
  1. The Manuscript is submitted in the editable format of word processing file.
  2. Manuscripts should be subdivided into the following sections:
  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Material and methods
  • Results and discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References


Give the full first name and surname of each author. Do not include academic titles. List the affiliation(s) of the author(s) including zip code, and email address, to which correspondence can be addressed. Use the affiliation at which the work was performed. It is generally assumed that all persons listed as co-authors of a manuscript have made substantial contributions to the work reported.


Please provide an abstract of maximum 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.


Please include 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes to be placed after the abstract


  • Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections
  • The abstract is not included in section numbering
  • Please do not use more than three levels of displayed headings. 


Define abbreviations that are not standard in the field. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. 


  • Authors should submit tables in editable formats (Not as images)
  • Tables should be placed next to the relevant text in the article
  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should always be cited in text in numerical order according to their appearance in the text.
  • Tables should be self-explanatory. Please supply a table caption explaining the components of the table.


  • Figures should be submitted next to the relevant text in the article.
  • Type figure captions below each figure (Not on the figure itself)
  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals
  • Acceptable formats are TIFF (or JPEG). Minimum resolution requirements are as follows: Black and white line art (1200 dpi), Grayscale art (600 dpi), Color art (300 dpi).
  • Do not use file types: GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG. 


  • Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed at the end of manuscript before references. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. 


Reference style

References throughout the text should not be superscript and should be put between square bracket

Reference to a journal publication:

[1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun. 163 (2010) 51–59.

Reference to a book:

[2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

[3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.

Reference to a website:

[4] Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK., 2003 (accessed 13.03.03)

Supplementary Information

  • Authors can include additional figures, tables, raw data, detailed methodology, audio, video etc in Supplementary Information.
  • The first page of the Supplementary Information should be a cover page that includes the authors’ names and affiliations, the full title of the original article
  • Please label the figures and tables in the Supplementary Information as S1, S2, etc. and refer to them as such in the manuscript text.


Please submit your article through